Coral may not have the capacity to adapt fast enough to our rapidly changing environment. If things continue at current rates, reef erosion will likely cause the diversity of corals to decline, leading to reduced habitat complexity and loss of biodiversity.Read More
The passing of Earth Day and, on many campuses, of Earth Month, is an opportune time to reflect on the true roots of American environmentalism, and the unfortunate mythology that too often distracts us from the challenge of the environmental and social ills that still nag at our society after more four and a half decades.Read More
Murray Fisher is founder of the New York Harbor School and the Billion Oyster Project, which has planted 16.5 million oysters in NY Harbor with the help of over one hundred partners and thousands of kids. Fisher will share his stories and the science of oysters on April 21st from 7:00 to 9:00 PM at The Hop bar/restaurant, 554 Main Street, Beacon, NY, to launch Beacon Institute’s new Science Café Series. More information at this link.Read More
There was a time when New York Harbor was as well-known for its oysters as it was for the Statue of Liberty. But pollution and over-harvesting eventually took their toll. Murray Fisher of the New York Harbor School decided that school children could restore the oyster to New York Harbor and, in the process. restore the Harbor itself. The Billion Oyster Project is a story of vision, determination, and a new environmental legacy for a new generation of city kids who deserve it. Murray Fisher, founder of the Billion Oyster Project, will appear at Beacon Institute's Science Cafe, launching April 21st, 7pm at The Hop, 554 Main Street, Beacon.Read More
Under a prestigious Fulbright Scholarship, Clarkson's Shane Rogers is leading a group of United States researchers in the multinational "MACROSEA" effort. "Nutrients discharged in wastewater streams are valuable commodities that unrecovered, may lead to degradation of coastal waters," Rogers said. "Kelp, such as the species of focus in this study, is feedstock for a variety of useful products including fish and livestock feed ingredients, alginates, and bioenergy, among others."Read More
The reasons that underlie the water crisis in Flint, Michigan are less obvious than the headlines that made the issue national news. Every month, thousands of water stories set in hundreds of U.S. communities top front pages. Tragedies like Flint can be prevented if local communities and officials advocate for a new generation of federal water policy and innovation.Read More
The success of the Great Lakes Seaway Ballast Water Working Group has been outstanding. The threat of invasive species has been greatly reduced. However, the GLSBWWG has yet to accomplish its goal. Newer technologies and progressive science can help reduce the threat of invasive species even more.Read More
Canadian Government puts a hold on Montreal’s temporary plan to discharge sewage into the St. Lawrence while New York and New Jersey continue to dump a 102 billion liter mix of raw sewage and storm water into the Hudson River and New York Harbor annually.
Ed. Note: Shane Rogers is an Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Clarkson University in Potsdam, NY, where he teaches courses on sustainable water resources management and wastewater engineering. ~ JC
As has been heavily reported in U.S. and Canadian news outlets, the City of Montreal, Canada was again ordered to halt its plan to dump approximately 8 billion liters of raw sewage into the St. Lawrence River between October 18-25, 2015. Minister of the Environment, Canada said she has:
[I]nstructed Environment Canada to immediately have an expert independent scientific review of all information related to this project conducted [to] ensure the best possible protection for the St. Lawrence.
Although Aglukkaq denies prior knowledge of the sewage dump plan, documents show that Environment Canada has been fully aware of the plan since 2014.
The dumping of raw sewage was proposed to facilitate capital improvements of a major sewer interceptor. But when the plan came to public light in late September, there were immediate public outcries. An irate Erin Brockovich, the consumer advocate and environmental activist, posted on her FaceBook page:
This is pure TNT (Turds N Tampons)… as bad as it gets folks.
City of Montreal spokesperson, Philippe Sabourin disagreed:
The [St. Lawrence] river has a huge dilution capacity, with a flow rate of 6,000 to 7,000 cubic meters per second… It isn’t a major environmental concern.
The flow of the mighty St. Lawrence provides far greater dilution power than most American rivers that are also receiving waters for sewage. For example, the flow of the Hudson River in New York is 600 cubic meters per second, only one tenth of the St. Lawrence. Still, Canada’s plan has stirred international controversy and condemnation from U.S. officials, including some particularly vocal representatives from New York State, which borders 114 miles of the St. Lawrence River upstream of Montreal:
While I realize that the dumping will occur in Canadian waters, downstream from any U.S. communities, I am very concerned by the precedent Montreal is setting for other communities along the St. Lawrence and the lakes. – New York State Senator Patty Ritchie in a letter to the International Joint Commission
If this plan is allowed to move forward, this sewage could severely impact the river ecosystem and wildlife, and the St. Lawrence County tourism industry on which the North Country depends. – Charles Schumer, U.S. Senator from New York.
Senator Schumer urged the U.S. EPA to work with the U.S. Department of State and Canadian Government to devise an alternative plan. Yet, in a statement released by EPA spokeswoman Mary Mears, the agency declined to seek action, stating it had no jurisdiction over a matter that does not impact U.S. waters:
While EPA thinks it’s a really bad idea to discharge 8 billion liters — over 2 billion gallons — of untreated sewage into any water body, the EPA does not have any jurisdiction over this matter because these discharges will not have an impact on U.S. waters,
Meanwhile, each week, New York and New Jersey dump a 2 billion liter mix of raw sewage and storm water into the Hudson River and New York Harbor through combined sewer overflows — a total of 102 billion liters each year.
These raw sewage dumps cause significant environmental degradation, making waters in and around the city unsafe for human contact.
When will our New York representatives issue pleas for protection of the Hudson River’s ecosystem, wildlife, tourism industry and residents from raw sewage? Is the EPA unwilling to issue a statement on the Montreal Sewage dump for fear of calling attention to years of weak enforcement of the Clean Water Act in and around New York City and other cities under their jurisdiction? As pointed out by Les Perreaux of the Globe and Mail, Montreal:
The agency [U.S. EPA] could have also mentioned that Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, and Milwaukee routinely dump billions of litres of raw sewage into the Great Lakes system.
More than 460 combined sewer overflows in New York City spill raw sewage into New York Harbor each year. Add to that more than40 on the New Jersey side of the harbor, plus an additional 163 in the lower Hudson River to Albany and the extent of the problem becomes clearer (or murkier?).
New multibillion dollar Green and Gray Infrastructure plans for New York City are a step in the right direction, but there are questions whether these upgrades will be enough. Larry Levine of the Natural Resources Defense Council has called attention to the fact that these green and gray infrastructure upgrades will address only two fifths of the combined sewer overflow issue.
According to Levine, the New York City Department of Environmental Protection has already taken steps to weaken Long Term Control Plans meant to close the gap, treating them as a paper exercise:
The first two parts of the agreement — the green and gray infrastructure the city committed to build — along with improved sewer system maintenance and reduced water demand, are projected to reduce annual sewage overflows by about 12 billion gallons per year. That still leaves 18 billion gallons.
Yet, in a classic diversionary move, our outrage over sewage dumping is directed towards our northern neighbors in Montreal, where city officials are rightfully confused by sudden outcries from politicians and regulatory agencies about a practice that has been a regular occurrence in the United States and Canada for decades.
A note on the following videos: In the first, the Gowanus Canal Superfund site suffers a combined sewage overflow in the wake of a tornado in Brooklyn. In the second, the intrepid Steve Duncan takes us on an underground tour through New York City sewers.